The Internet of Things (IoT) serving the environment

The forest sector facing climate challenges

Climate change has a considerable impact on weather patterns and the natural balance of our planet. Rising temperatures promote forest fires, disrupt rainfall patterns, and increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as storms and floods. According to a report by the United Nations, the number of extreme weather events is expected to increase to around 560 per year by 2030. In the face of these challenges, IoT is a key instrument for improving environmental monitoring, analysis, and detection of environmental changes.

Thanks to the connectivity offered by cellular IoT, it is possible to deploy a wide range of sensors to monitor and analyze the environment. This allows for a better understanding of soils, trees, and weather conditions. In-depth analysis of this data facilitates environmental control and contributes to informed decision-making. Innovative initiatives have already been implemented, such as Rainforest Connection, which uses IoT sensors in tropical forests to combat illegal logging. By collaborating with a research association, the company has facilitated meticulous monitoring of endangered species. They have successfully located the animals using acoustic sensors, thereby helping to prevent their extinction.

Cellular IoT technologies offer extensive coverage, even in the most remote and densely populated areas, such as forests. The forest sector is undergoing transformation, thanks in particular to the increasing adoption of connected tools. Cellular IoT sensors make it possible to automate data collection, which was previously a manual and time-consuming task, while being manageable from a distance. The integration of these sensors allows for safer and more effective decision-making in forest management, in shorter timeframes, and even anticipates threats such as fires.

The Internet of Things (IoT) for early fire detection

Traditional methods of fire monitoring, such as satellite imagery and ground cameras, have proven insufficient in the face of the rapid spread of forest fires, which is accelerated by drought. IoT sensors offer a more effective solution by detecting fire outbreaks in real time and alerting the relevant authorities. Companies like SylviaCare have developed IoT solutions using infrared sensors, connected via LTE-M, to detect and precisely geolocate forest fires, enabling rapid and targeted intervention.

LTE-M and NB-IoT are Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) technologies characterized by their long range and low power consumption. IoT devices using these networks benefit from greater penetration capacity and can communicate with other devices, even in difficult-to-reach areas. Thanks to these energy-efficient networks, some sensors can remain in place for nearly 10 years without requiring maintenance, due to the long lifespan of their battery.

These networks play a particularly crucial role in environmental monitoring applications. For example, they allow for the measurement of water levels using water meters, contributing to the prevention of potential floods. Their ability to send messages efficiently makes them extremely useful in these contexts. 

The Internet of Things (IoT) for effective water management

A few months ago, the government unveiled its “Water Plan” aimed at solving problems related to aging infrastructure and leaks, while improving water safety management and anticipating environmental and infrastructural damage. In France, a survey by 60 Million Consumers reveals that one out of every five liters of water is lost in the network before reaching the consumer’s tap. Additionally, with 75% of groundwater remaining below monthly averages, summer is a high-risk season.

In this context, IoT plays an essential role in detecting water leaks, preventive maintenance, real-time measurement, and temperature management. By optimizing every step of the chain, it allows for smarter water resource management. Connected water meters reduce the need for labor, facilitate frequent sampling and sophisticated on-site testing, while integrating response efforts with detection and monitoring systems. Just like in the case of fires, malfunctions can be reported through alerts, offering better control over water usage, both for individuals and professionals.

Furthermore, sensors are also used to ensure water safety and security in sewage treatment plants. Additionally, they assist farmers by indicating which fields need to be irrigated, thus avoiding over-irrigation and saving valuable time.

Thanks to the Internet of Things (IoT), many advances have been made in environmental protection. Connected devices offer enhanced monitoring, early detection of environmental problems, and more efficient management of natural resources. The continued expansion of IoT will have a significant impact on our planet, contributing to mitigating the consequences of climate change and promoting a more sustainable future.

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